20 workers died in grenade explosion in coal kiln in Zonguldak

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Chimney explosion in Zonguldak coal mine

October 23 is the 296th (297th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 69.

Railways

  • October 23, 1901 Deutsche Bank Managing Director George von Siemens died. He worked for the realization of the Anatolia-Baghdad railway project.
  • October 23, 1978 The Turkey-Syria-Iraq railway line was opened.

Olaylar

  • 1840 – The Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs is created.
  • 1853 – Beginning of the Crimean War.
  • 1911 – During the Tripoli War, Italian captain Carlo Piazza performs the first military reconnaissance flight in history over the Ottoman trenches in Benghazi. Piazza also later took the first military aerial photography.
  • 1912 – Battle of Kumanovo between the Ottoman and Serbian armies during the First Balkan War.
  • 1915 – 25 to 30,000 women marched on 5th Avenue in New York City for their franchise.
  • 1926 – In the Soviet Union, Leon Trotsky and Grigoriy Zinoviyev are excluded from the Central Committee of the Communist Party.
  • 1929 – The continued decline in the value of shares on the New York Stock Exchange slowly begins to cause panic (the first signs of the global economic depression of 1929)
  • 1946 – The United Nations holds its first general assembly in New York.
  • 1954 – The Paris Agreement concerning Germany’s entry into NATO is signed.
  • 1956 – Beginning of an uprising against the Soviet regime in Hungary. In protests that spread across the country, the rebels demanded the withdrawal of Soviet troops.
  • 1959 – III. The Mediterranean Games are over. The Turkish national freestyle wrestling team came first in 8 weight categories and won 13 gold, 8 silver and 1 bronze medals overall.
  • 1960 – General census: the population of Turkey is 27,754,820
  • 1965 – President Cemal Gürsel entrusts the establishment of the government to Süleyman Demirel, chairman of the Justice Party.
  • 1972 – 20 workers died and 76 workers were injured in a firedamp explosion at two separate coal mines in Zonguldak.
  • 1973 – US President Richard M. Nixon agrees to turn over the Oval Office audio recordings of the Watergate scandal to the court.
  • 1981 – The Consultative Assembly holds its first meeting.
  • 1983 – Suicide bombing with trucks loaded with explosives against the American and French Peace Corps headquarters in Beirut. 241 US Marines and 58 French paratroopers are killed.
  • 1993 – Karun Treasure is brought to Turkey after 28 years.
  • 2011 – An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 occurred in Van.

births

  • 1491 – Ignace de Loyola, Spanish cleric and founder of the Jesuit order (died 1556)
  • 1636 – Hedwig Eleonora, wife of King XI of Sweden, Karl Gustav XI between 1654 and 1660. Mother of Karl (died 1715)
  • 1690 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect (died 1782)
  • 1715 – II. Pierre, Emperor of Russia (died 1730)
  • 1766 – Emmanuel de Grouchy, general and marshal of France under Napoleon (died 1847)
  • 1797 Jan Jacob Rochussen, Dutch politician (died 1871)
  • 1801 – Albert Lortzing, German composer, singer and actor (died 1851)
  • 1813 – Ludwig Leichhardt, Prussian explorer and naturalist (died 1848)
  • 1817 – Pierre Larousse, French grammarian, lexicographer and encyclopedist (died 1875)
  • 1835 – Adlai Stevenson I, 23rd Vice President of the United States (died 1914)
  • 1875 – Gilbert Lewis, American chemist (died 1946)
  • 1875 – Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary and first Soviet education commissioner (d. 1933)
  • 1876 ​​- Franz Schlegelberger, Secretary of State and Minister of Justice at the Ministry of Justice of the German Reich during the Third Reich (died 1970)
  • 1890 – Orhan Seyfi Orhon, Turkish poet (died 1972)
  • 1905 – Felix Bloch, American-Swiss physicist (died 1983)
  • 1905 Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (died 2003)
  • 1908 – Ilya Frank, Soviet nuclear physicist (died 1990)
  • 1915 – Bedri Karafakioğlu, Turkish scholar, scientist and former rector of ITU (died 1978)
  • 1920 – Gianni Rodari, Italian writer and journalist, considered one of the best children’s writers (died 1980)
  • 1925 – Johnny Carson, American television host (died 2005)
  • 1925 – Manos Hacidakis, Greek composer (died 1994)
  • 1925 – Fred Shero, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and manager (died 1990)
  • 1927 – Leszek Kołakowski, Polish thinker and historian of ideas (died 2009)
  • 1929 – Adalet Ağaoğlu, Turkish novelist and playwright, and winner of the Orhan Kemal Novel Prize (died in 2020)
  • 1939 – Stanley Anderson, American actor (died in 2018)
  • 1940 – Pelé, Brazilian football player
  • 1941 – Igor Smirnov, politician from Transnistria
  • 1942 – Michael Crichton, American writer, producer and screenwriter (died 2008)
  • [1945–GraçaMachelfemmepolitiquemozambicaine[1945–GraçaMachelfemmepolitiquemozambicaine
  • 1947 – Kazimierz Deyna, Polish football player (died 1989)
  • 1947 – Abdulaziz al-Rantisi, member of Hamas, Palestinian statesman (died in 2004)
  • 1951 – Charly Garcia is an Argentine singer, songwriter, musician and producer.
  • 1951 – Ángel de Andrés López, Spanish actor (died 2016)
  • 1951 – Fatmir Sejdiu, former president of Kosovo
  • 1953 – Taner Akçam, Turkish sociologist and historian
  • 1954 – Ang Lee, Taiwanese director
  • 1956 – Dianne Reeves is an American jazz singer.
  • 1956 – Dwight Yoakam, American musician, songwriter and film actor
  • 1957 – Paul Kagame, Rwandan politician
  • 1957 – Adam Nawałka, former Polish national football player
  • 1959 – Sam Raimi, American director
  • 1959 – Weird Al ”Yankovic, Serbo-American singer, musician, satirist, parodist, songwriter, accordionist and TV host
  • 1960 – Mirwais Ahmadzaï, Swiss music producer and songwriter
  • 1960 – Randy Pausch, American professor of computer science (died 2008)
  • 1961 – Andoni Zubizarreta is a retired Spanish football player.
  • 1963 – Rashidi Yekini, Nigerian national football player (died 2012)
  • 1964 – Robert Trujillo, American musician
  • 1966 – Alex Zanardi, Italian speedway and disabled cyclist
  • 1969 – Dolly Buster is a Hungarian producer, director, screenwriter and painter.
  • 1970 – Grant Imahara, Japanese-American electronics engineer and television host (d. 2020)
  • 1972 – Jasmin St. Claire, American pornographic actress
  • 1974 – Sander Westerveld, Dutch national goalkeeper
  • 1975 – Manuela Velasco, Spanish TV presenter, actress
  • 1976 – Ryan Reynolds, Canadian television and film actor
  • 1978 – Jimmy Bullard, former German-English football player
  • 1979 – Simon Davies, former Welsh footballer
  • 1981 – Daniela Alvarado, Venezuelan theater, film and television actress
  • 1982 – Kristjan Kangur, Estonian professional basketball player
  • 1982 – Aleksandar Luković, Serbian national football player
  • 1984 – Izabel Goulart is a Brazilian model
  • 1984 – Keiren Westwood, Irish national football player
  • 1984 – Meghan McCain, American Conservative TV columnist and host
  • 1985 – Mohammed Abdellaoue, former Moroccan-Norwegian national football player
  • 1985 – Masiela Lusha, poet, writer, film and television actress
  • 1985 – Miguel, American singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Emilia Clarke, English actress
  • 1986 – Briana Evigan is an American actress.
  • 1986 – Jessica Stroup, American actress and model
  • 1987 – Seo In-guk is a South Korean singer and actor.
  • 1989 – Alain Baroja, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1989 – Çağdaş Tailor, Turkish rap musician
  • 1989 – Andriy Yarmolenko, Ukrainian national football player
  • 1990 – Paradise Oskar, Finnish singer
  • 1991 – Emil Forsberg, Swedish football player
  • 1992 – Álvaro Morata, Spanish football player

Armed

  • 42 BC – Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman military and political leader (born 85 BC)
  • 877 – Ignatius I, Patriarch of Constantinople from July 4, 858 to October 23, 867 and from November 23, 867 until his death on October 23, 877 (born in 797)
  • 891 – Yazman al-Hadim, governor of Tarsus during the Abbasid period from 882 until his death in 891, and military leader of Cilicia, the border lands of Islam with the Byzantine Empire
  • 930 – Emperor Daigo, 60th Emperor of Japan (born 885)
  • 949 – Yōzei, 57th Emperor of Japan in traditional order of succession (born 869)
  • 1134 – Dânî, Andalusian scientist (born in 1068)
  • 1590 – Bernardino de Sahagún, Spanish missionary, Franciscan priest, traveler, geographer and writer (born 1499)
  • 1688 – Charles du Fresne, Sieur du Cange, French lawyer, lexicographer, philologist, medieval and Byzantine historian (born 1610)
  • 1834 – Feth Ali Shah Qajar, 2nd ruler of the Qajar dynasty who ruled Iran (born 1772)
  • 1867 – Franz Bopp, German linguist (born 1791)
  • 1869 – Edward Smith-Stanley, English statesman (born 1799)
  • 1872 – Théophile Gautier, French poet and writer (born in 1811)
  • 1893 – Alexander I, first prince of the Autonomous Principality of Bulgaria (born in 1857)
  • 1906 – Vladimir Stasov, Russian critic (born 1824)
  • 1910 – Chulalongkorn, King of Siam (now Thailand) (born in 1853)
  • 1917 – Eugène Grasset, Swiss artist (born in 1845)
  • 1920 – Anton Weichselbaum, Austrian pathologist and bacteriologist (born 1845)
  • 1921 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish inventor (born 1840)
  • 1935 – Charles Demuth, American painter (born 1883)
  • 1943 – André Antoine, actor, director, writer, French critic (born in 1858)
  • 1944 – Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (born 1877)
  • 1950 – Al Jolson, American singer and actor (born 1886)
  • 1957 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer (born in 1905)
  • 1980 – Gustav Krukenberg, German SS commander (born 1888)
  • 1986 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist (born 1893)
  • 1999 – Neriman Köksal, Turkish actress and singer (born 1928)
  • 2000 – Yokozuna, American professional wrestler (born 1966)
  • 2004 – Bill Nicholson, English footballer, manager, manager and player seeker (scouts) (born 1919)
  • 2005 – Ahmet Özacar, Turkish football player (born 1937)
  • 2005 – Nermin Erbakan, wife of Necmettin Erbakan (born 1943)
  • 2010 – Fran Crippen, American long distance swimmer (born 1984)
  • 2011 – Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician and chemist (born 1917)
  • 2011 – Marco Simoncelli, Italian motorcycle racer (born 1987)
  • 2013 – Anthony Caro, English abstract sculptor (born 1924)
  • 2014 – Ghulam Azam, Bangladeshi leader of Jamaat-e-Islami (born in 1922)
  • 2014 – Vecihi Timuroğlu, Turkish writer, poet, researcher (born in 1927)
  • 2016 – Pete Burns, English singer and songwriter (born 1959)
  • 2016 – Nerses Hovhannisyan, Armenian director, screenwriter and actor (born in 1938)
  • 2016 – Caliph bin Hamed es-Sani, Emir of Qatar, who reigned from 1972 to 1995 (born 1932)
  • 2017 – Walter Lassally, Anglo-Greek director of photography of German origin (born 1926)
  • 2018 – Daniel Contet, French professional tennis player (born 1943)
  • 2018 – James Karen, American Broadway theater actor, actor (born 1923)
  • 2019 – Santos Juliá, Spanish historian and sociologist (born 1940)
  • 2019 – James W. Montgomery, American Bishop and Clergyman (born 1921)
  • 2019 – Alfred Znamierowski, Polish flag designer, publisher, writer, journalist and illustrator (born 1940)
  • 2020 – Yehuda Barkan, Israeli actor, screenwriter, director and producer (born 1945)
  • 2020 – David Barnes, New Zealand offshore racer (born 1958)
  • 2020 – Ebbe Skovdahl, former Danish professional football player and coach (born 1945)
  • 2020 – Jerry Jeff Walker, American country singer, songwriter and guitarist (born 1942)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Hungarian National Day
  • Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle Day


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